Automated Refinement Checking of CSP Programs

Sudipta Kundu, Sorin Lerner and Rajesh Gupta
January 30, 2007

Communicating Sequential Processes (CSP) is a calculus for describing concurrent systems as a collection of processes communicating over channels. Checking that one CSP program is a refinement of another has many applications, including type-checking concurrent systems, and refinement-based synthesis and optimization of hardware circuits. In this paper, we describe a new approach to automatic refinement checking of CSP programs that uses insights from translation validation, automated theorem proving, and relational approaches to reasoning about programs. Unlike previous approaches to CSP refinement, our technique can handle infinite state spaces in a fully automated manner. We have implemented our refinement checking technique and have applied it to a variety of refinements. We present the details of our algorithm and experimental results. As an example, we were able to automatically check an infinite state space buffer refinement that cannot be checked by current state of the art tools such as FDR. We were also able to check the data part of an industrial case study on the EP2 system.

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